NASDAQ: Beginners Guide to Stock Exchange 

NASDAQ is a global program for venture capital investment. The company aims to foster innovation in the financial services industry. Industry experts are wondering how exactly it will accomplish it by 2023. Well, NASDAQ has a plan! They are reimagining future markets and cultivating talent and technological advancement. 

We all know that capital markets are changing. Financial technology (fintech) companies are a key part of this change. They are pioneering new products, services, and solutions that are changing the industry. 

In 1971, NASDAQ marked the beginning of the first electronic stock exchange. High-tech and growth-oriented businesses are typical of NASDAQ-listed businesses. Yet, NASDAQ stocks offer high returns but are still more volatile than those traded on the NYSE.

The NASDAQ’s Definition and Example 

The NASDAQ attracts some of the world’s largest blue-chip companies. It represents high-tech software, computer, and internet companies. 

As NASDAQ attracts growth-oriented businesses, its stocks tend to be more volatile. It trades both listed and over-the-counter (OTC) stocks. The NASDAQ has had a long history of groundbreaking achievements. It was also the first to offer electronic trading. 

NASDAQ and OMX ABO merged in 2008. NASDAQ offers trading in debt, structured products, derivatives, commodities, and exchange-traded funds 

How Does NASDAQ Work?

The NASDAQ  provides automated quotations from the beginning. It became interchangeable with over-the-counter (OTC) trading over the years. The team followed its founding, and media and trade publications referred to it as an OTC market. It later included automated trading systems to generate reports on trade and volume. 

It was the first exchange to provide online trading. As a dealer’s market, dealers—also known as “market makers”—complete all investor trades on NASDAQ’s electronic exchanges rather than through auctions. 

NASDAQ Trading Hours 

The NASDAQ is open for trading from 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. Eastern Time (E.T.), like the NYSE. “pre-market” and “post-market” hours are available to traders at NASDAQ. 

  • NASDAQ Listing Requirements 

For a company’s securities or stocks to be on the NASDAQ electronic exchange, the following are the requirements: 

  • NASDAQ U.S. Market Tiers 

A company’s stock will be available in one of three market tiers based on the listing requirements:

  • Global Select Market

Have at least three market makers meet. The companies must meet NASDAQ’s strictest requirements. 

  • World Market

The stocks on NASDAQ’s Global Market are those of international and domestic businesses. It is in a market with a mid-cap size.

  • Financial Market

The Capital Market is a large list of businesses with smaller market capitalisation. In this area, the NASDAQ is the SmallCap Market. 

  • Performance of the NASDAQ 

The NASDAQ is in tech stocks, and its performance has been very strong over the past quarter century. The top 100 stocks on the NASDAQ-100 index had a five-year return of 196.31 per cent. In contrast, its Composite Index reported a five-year return of 171.64% and a 10-year return of 444.12%8.

  • Trends in NASDAQ

The NASDAQ Composite is a market index fund designed to follow it’s general trends, like the Dow or S&P 500. Note that the the company lists 4,178 businesses and has a lot of transactions. In 2021, the NASDAQ’s listings were worth $28.2 trillion. 

  • Ventures Investment 

The head of NASDAQ Ventures, Gary Offner, explains, “We have a catbird seat to everything that is taking place.” The businesses in which we are making investments assist us in expanding our product lines, opening up new market segments, and giving us a competitive advantage.” In 2017, they established the Ventures business unit to formalize the company’s ongoing venture investing. 

According to Offner, investments range from $1 million to up to $10 million, and they are the seed to series C. Each investment targets and reinforces NASDAQ’s primary business areas: 

The areas include blockchain, artificial intelligence, data analytics, and technology regulation (reg tech). Offner refers to “markets everywhere,” or the capacity to use NASDAQ’s technology and expertise to create markets where none currently exist. 

  • Screening Process

Alignment is always the first step in screening for any business. Experts across the industry want to ensure that the technology or product is a NASDAQ priority. Does it assist us in acquiring knowledge, capability, or a strategic aim? The investment should be by the strategic value and our ability to influence the outcome. 

The commercial or strategic alignment within any of NASDAQ’s business units is as important as the financial return on investment. Ventures have invested in over a dozen businesses over the past three years. 

  • AML

Caspian, a market leader in automated AML (anti-money laundering) investigation technology, is the most recent investment. AML Investigator, a platform developed by a company based in the U.K., aids financial institutions in identifying, mitigating, and managing criminal and fraudulent activity. Also, to acquire a minority stake, NASDAQ Ventures’ Market Technology division has teamed up with Caspian to support the expansion of the 

NASDAQ Versus the Dow and S&P 500 

The NASDAQ is an exchange, like the NYSE in New York City. But, in contrast to the NYSE, the NASDAQ tracks the performance of every company it lists. Indexes like the MSCI, the S&P 500, and the Dow measure the performance of specific stocks. Although they weigh stocks, these three indexes track U.S. stocks to make them trend together.  

It tracks the stock prices of 30 businesses chosen by the Wall Street Journal’s editors to represent their respective industries. Coca-Cola and Verizon are two examples of these large, well-known businesses. The Dow focuses more on stocks with higher share prices than the NASDAQ. It indicates that the performance of businesses that have not divided their shares and maintained higher stock prices will influence it.

  • S&P 500 

The 500 most held stocks on the NYSE are the S&P 500. The S&P 500 is a broader index that provides a more comprehensive representation of businesses from various industry groups and sectors. Market capitalisation is also used by the S&P 500, but it only counts available shares. 

  • NASDAQ Server

Since late 2014, the NASDAQ Composite has climbed, setting new record highs. The server provided stock prices. The stressed NASDAQ server went down as issues were not resolved after many attempts. Remember that stock market crashes are not the same as flash crashes. They cannot bring about a recession and do not even last long enough to bring about a market correction.

On May 18, 2012, Facebook’s IPO trading was late for 30 minutes. As a result, traders could not change, cancel, or place orders. Traders lost approximately $500 million after the glitch. NASDAQ acknowledged that technical errors caused the delay. It created a bubble in which the prices of any internet or technology stock rose above reasonable valuations. 

  • The Y2K Apocalypse

The Y2K apocalypse, when some feared that computer systems would fail as the new millennium dawned, played a role in the tech bubble of 2000. As a result, many individuals and most businesses purchased new computers. 

They consider that out-of-date software cannot convert dates with “19” to those starting with “20.” Additionally, many software systems only recognise any year’s last two digits. So on January 1, 2000, computer and software manufacturers warned everyone to update their systems to prevent failure. 

Sales soared, giving the impression that any tech-related business would profit. Demand was low because everyone bought computers. Orders for tech-related goods fell when it closed on October 9, 2002. 

How Does NASDAQ Affect The Economy? 

Successful businesses need capital. One significant source of funding is the stock market. Owners must sell a part of the company to raise capital through a public exchange. Let’s find out how NASDAQ can affect the economy in two ways, outlined in the following paragraphs. 

  • Benefit for Small Investors 

NASDAQ allows small investors to gain stakes in successful technology firms. Long-term returns from stocks exceed inflation’s average rate. Yet, due to the possibility of losing your principal, they carry a greater risk than savings accounts. 

  • Markets Help Businesses Fund 

An IPO can bring in a lot of money. It also shows that a company is successful enough to afford the costly process of becoming a public company. The fact that the stockholders now hold full ownership of the company is a disadvantage for the business. But, if the founders own at least 51% of the shares, they can keep a controlling stake in the business. 

Tip: Stocks tell investors how valuable a company is to them. Investors believe that earnings will rise as stock prices rise. When stock prices drop, investors lose faith in a company’s ability to profit. 

Final Thoughts 

The world’s second-largest stock and securities exchange is NASDAQ, behind only the NYSE. Unlike other exchanges, NASDAQ attracts more businesses focusing on growth and technology. It also allows small investors to invest and secure their futures. As a result, companies are obtaining more funding for operations and expansion of NASDAQ. Soon, it will be accessible and affordable for everyone. It’s time to conduct your research and make better financial decisions.